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a similar line of reasoning ' stuck in his throat.* He wrote a short letter
to the Prime Minister tendering his resignation :
"After carefully considering all that you and Anthony Eden had said, I
found it impossible to approve of the treatment of the Polish people by the
Crimea Conference;, and therefore abstained in the Division . . . holding
the convictions that I hold, I could not honestly take a different course."
It was the first time that the word £ honesty * had been used by a member
of His Majesty's Government during the spate of speeches over this
Crimean affair. Michael Foot in the Daily Herald contemptuously
expressed the chasm which lay between England's word and her deed.
"... If words could bestow freedom on a nation, Poland might now count
herself as free as the mountain winds.
" Never were a people's rights so barricaded with rhetoric and deeply
defended with guarantees and assurances.
cc The Three Great Powers have reiterated their support for her sovereign
independence. A veritable Chinese Wall has been erected to safeguard
her liberty from invasion. The last crevices have been cemented by
Churchillian oratory and the British House of Commons had pronounced
the whole edifice well and truly founded.
"Are there any doubters ? . . . "
IN THE SOVIET BURIAL GROUND . . .
No right anywhere exists to hand peoples about from sovereignty to
sovereignty as if they were property.
(President Woodrow Wilson, referring to Poland in the Senate on
January 22, 1917).
The outcome of the Yalta Agreement was sad in the extreme. Having
driven his hard bargain, Stalin almost simultaneously repudiated the
terms by placing an interpretation on them which rendered the effort
of the Allied leaders meaningless. He sabotaged the work of the
Commission of Three appointed at Yalta to compose a new Polish Pro-
visional Government, and persistently upheld his Xublin Committee.' On
April 21, Moscow concluded an agreement with it analogous to that with
Dr. Benes, thereby reducing Poland to a state of Soviet vassalhood. The
country was virtually isolated. Hoisting the Polish flag, the N.K.V.D.
continued its e cleaning-up * process and was able in a short space of
time to achieve what the Germans had not been capable of accomplishing
during their five and a half years occupation of Poland, namely, to dig out
and destroy the top layer of Polish Underground leaders. These leaders
had been indirectly approached by the ' Lublin Committee,' and on
March 10 by the Soviets, with proposals to discuss the problem of co-
operation. The latter's invitation was addressed " to the Government's
Delegate." The Underground had turned down any question of parleys
with the former body, but with the consent of the Polish Government in
London had agreed to accept the Russian invitation. The names of the
Polish representatives were transmitted by the British and American